El sueño del celta PDF/EPUB ↠ El sueño eBook

El sueño del celta La aventura ue narra esta novela empieza en el Congo en 1903 y termina en una cárcel de Londres una mañana de 1916Auí se cuenta la peripecia vital de un hombre de leyenda el irlandés Roger Casement Héroe y villano traidor y libertario moral e inmoral su figura múltiple se apaga y renace tras su muerteCasement fue uno de los primeros europeos en denunciar los horrores del colonialismo De sus viajes al Congo Belga y a la ía sudamericana uedaron dos informes memorables ue conmocionaron a la sociedad de su tiempo Estos dos viajes y lo ue allí vio cambiarían a Casement para siempre haciéndole emprender otra travesía en este caso intelectual y cívica tanto o más devastadora La ue lo llevó a enfrentarse a una Inglaterra a la ue admiraba y a militar activamente en la causa del nacionalismo irlandésTambién en la intimidad Roger Casement fue un personaje múltiple la publicación de fragmentos de unos diarios de veracidad dudosa en los últimos días de su vida airearon unas escabrosas aventuras sexuales ue le valieron el desprecio de muchos compatriotasEl sueño del celta describe una aventura existencial en la ue la oscuridad del alma humana aparece en su estado más puro y por tanto más enfangadoUna novela mayor de Mario Vargas Llosa


10 thoughts on “El sueño del celta

  1. Michael Finocchiaro Michael Finocchiaro says:

    Another piece of marvelous historical fiction like The War at the End of the World Dream of the Celt follows the historical figure of Roger Casement through his humanitarian odysseys to horrors committed by Belgian colonizers and rubber barons in Congo to the atrocities committed by Peruvian colonizers and rubber barons of ia The latter certainly overlaps with the events described in The Green House somewhat albeit those events were a few decades later proving that Casement was right that the situation would sadly never change The final chapter of Casement's life was his struggle for Irish independence Each odd chapter is the narrative of Casement's like while the even chapters all take place in his prison cell prior to his hanging in 1916 The descriptions of the colonization are unabashedly violent and hard to read sometimes but the story obviously needs to be told Much of the subseuent violence in both the Congo and in Peru in the 20th C was a direct conseuence of the extreme violence which occurred before and during Casement's lifetimeWhere does MVL stand on all this? It is uite hard to say He certainly does not take sides with the colonizers and shows some shock at the treatment of the colonized and he seems to show some revulsion at how the messages and messengers of the Christian religion were manipulated and used to justify and perpetuate the violence He also shows contempt through the protagonist for Britain's hypocrisy and Belgium's brutality He does not however in any of the books I have read so far I am only missing three of the last four now any viable alternative or semblance of a solution Clearly his critiue of socialism in Alejandro Mayta demonstrates he believes this is not the solution and his contempt for corruption in Peru belies a belief that perhaps democracy can never work there without some form of corruption eating away at it He is hard to pin down on what he would suggest is the right way forwardRegardless this is a fine piece of literature worthy of the best of MVL's writing and a fascinating portait of this nearly forgotten hero of humanitarianism and Irish independence


  2. BlackOxford BlackOxford says:

    Curb Your EnthusiasmRoger Casement had consistently disappointing experience with modern institutions His work as a shipping clerk in a private firm in Liverpool had no adventure His time as an adventurer in the Congo for the Belgian monarch lacked humanity His diplomatic efforts as part of the British government on behalf of humanity had little practical success And his association with the ultimately successful 1916 Easter Uprising in Ireland led to his conviction for treason against his country and death by hanging If he had survived into the Republic I’m confident he would have found that Eire didn’t meet his expectations either And incidentally he was gay which did him little good among many institutions with which he had yet to have contactOne might accurately call Casement a serial idealist He moved from one idealistic fantasy to another throughout his life seeking that true cause within an organization composed of other similarly dedicated true believers When he failed to find the right ideal or a sufficiently sympathetic organization he doubled the stakes plunging into and radical causes until he ended up conspiring with Germany to free his native Ireland from British rule He was in short somewhat of a social menaceThere are numerous poems ballads and mythical stories about Casement as an Irish national hero Brian Inglis wrote his biography in 1973; this was republished 20 years later and then again in 2002 Casement has been the subject of international television documentaries a stage play another biographical novel contemporaneous with that of Vargas Llosa a graphic novel as well as numerous articles government reports and literary references Casement’s memoirs journals and diaries have been published and extensively analyzed in the popular and academic press He is even the theme of an American country rock song The man in other words has been well studiedTherefore it seems to me odd that Vargas Llosa would choose Casement as the subject of this biographical novel At times it is unclear if Vargas Llosa had decided definitively either to write a biography or a novel He ends up providing immense amounts of historical detail but very little about what’s going on in Casement’s head except his progressive disillusion with the way the world had been organized in his absence There are no innovative insights no obvious literary themes no controversial interpretations as there are in his other biographical novel The War of the End of the World Other than as a somewhat strident cautionary tale for today’s young idealists therefore I don’t see the point


  3. Fionnuala Fionnuala says:

    Roger Casement by Sarah Purser oil on canvasHmm Fictionalised biography Is it a good idea? Can it be successful? How best should it be done? The Dream of the Celt caused me to ask myself such uestions and The way I understand the genre of fictionalised biography the author gets to create memories for his subject to reveal intimate details about his life to attribute motives to his actions to put words in his mouth It is no accident that most fictionalised biographies are written after the death of their main characters Those that have been written in their subjects' lifetimes tend to be surrounded by controversy After all the subject becomes the author’s creation even if he is dressed in authentic garments provided by background research He becomes a puppet for the author’s sole use his life the clay with which the author shapes his narrative arc But you say some historical characters have such extraordinary life stories that to tell them as straightforward biography is missing a great opportunity to create an astounding tale of intrigue and suspense Further you might point out in the hands of an author with a major literary reputation such a fictionalised biography must be a valuable addition to the world of letters HmmBeing aware of Vargas Llosa’s reputation and knowing a little of Roger Casement’s exciting and controversial life from school history classes I was eager to read The Dream of the Celt What could go wrong here I thought Casement born in Ireland became a British diplomat and eventual human rights activist when such a role was almost unknown He campaigned for the freedom from virtual enslavement of the natives of both the Congo and the Peruvian jungles raising awareness of the exploitation carried out by the rubber industry in both places during the last decade of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th In his final years he turned his back on Britain and devoted himself with an idealist’s fervour to the cause of Irish nationalism view spoileractively seeking German aid in the form of guns and military power for the Irish freedom fighters even while Britain was at war with Germany He was tried as a traitor to the British crown in 1916 his controversial life and fate being further compromised by the opportune leaking of diaries describing his real or imagined homosexual trysts with very young men in brief but unambiguous detail hide spoiler


  4. brian brian says:

    mario vargas llosa is born in peru in 1936 his father reveals he's cheating on his mother with a german woman mario has two younger half german half brothers enriue ernesto at 19 mario marries julia uruidi his mother's uncle's sister in law she is 30 he publishes some short stories he receives a scholarship to university in madrid mario and julia move to paris mario and julia divorce a year later mario marries his first cousin patricia they have three children mario writes his first book time of the hero at the age of 26 he is a prominent part of 'BOOM' the renowned latin american literary movementhe looks like this in 1971 he breaks with marxist and communist ideals after castro imprisons poets and writers from this point on MVL identifies with liberalism rather than extreme left wing ideology and mostly supports moderate conservative candidates in 1975 he directs a movie version of his book captain pantoja and the secret service he keeps getting coolerin 1976 he punches gabriel garcia maruez in the face in a mexican movie theater neither man has ever revealed why this is what the chubby less talented writer looks like afterwards in 1981 MVL publishes his first masterpiece war of the end of the world you should read it in 1990 he runs for president of peru proposing drastic economic austerity programs MVL's political opponents read sex scenes from his novels over peruvian radio he is defeated by alberto fujimori an agricultural engineer this is what fujimori looks like this is what MVL looks like in 2000 he publishes feast of the goat you should read it in 2010 he receives the nobel prize for literature for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance revolt and defeat in 2012 he publishes the dream of the celtyou should read it this is what he looks likein 2015 MVL moves to beachwood canyon and meets brian jack for weekly sunday brunches at which the two men one dog argue till sunset about politics literature and life following this they smoke cigars and walk the neighborhood then retire to brian's apartment for a light dinner with kelly and the new episode of the bachelor


  5. Tony Tony says:

    Roger Casement was an Irishman who famously revealed the atrocities in the rubber industries in first the Congo and then the in the early 1900s He saw a similarity in the mistreatment of the natives in Africa and South America to the British suffocation of Ireland and made the latter his final cause Unwisely he courted Germany during the First World War hoping to link with England's enemy in what he thought a common cause He was deemed to be a traitor; arrested convicted and then hung His reputation was further sullied by his diaries which graphically detail his homosexual and pedophillic desires There is some thought his diaries were a frame job by his prosecutorsWhat a marvelous novel this story would make greed idealism patriotism existential angst severed hands poisoned darts malaria the highest levels of governments and the darkest corners of foreign bath houses And in the hands of a Nobel Laureate author no lessYet The Dream of the Celt was horribleTo explain why I need to compare this book to Vargas Llosa's The Feast of the Goat which used rotating points of view to show the black heart of Trujillo That same style would have worked here; you could see how it could have been done and which separate characters could have given voice to the complex story of Roger Casement But no Here Vargas Llosa tells he does not show He did his research and then told the story As if he was an editor at Wikipedia Here's an example of the beginning sentences of consecutive paragraphs for a few pages Roger left four days laterFor the five days of the voyage to Manaus he barely left his cabinIn Manaus where he arrived in the middle of December he felt betterFor the week he stayed in Manaus Roger led a spartan lifeOn December 17 he set sail for ParaOn Christmas Eve he left for BarbadosOn December 31 he left on the SS Terrence for New YorkThe whole book is like that HeheheheheIt's a great story of a great time and in the hands of an author I'm fond of I was very much looking forward to this But there's no art here That's the problem It's a recounting But no artSo read the Wikipedia version Or better yet read Adam Rothschild's King Leopold's Ghost which will sear your soul


  6. Fabian Fabian says:

    The list of atrocities committed by short ugly men with sexual complexes and inhuman proclivities means that evil is legion it is omnipresent and as real today as 100 years ago One of the great anti colonial fighters and defenders of human rights and indigenous cultures of his time and a sacrificed combatant for the emancipation of Ireland 354 is the man Roger Casement MVL hooked himself another incredible biography this time to cement properly into itty bitty literature for all of eternity Again stupid is the cause for the baffling downfall and failed revolution of a beautiful soul Vargas Llosa is by now an expert of this his best novels are all historic biographies Dream is the definitive novel which completes the triad of 4 star literary histories which began with the titanic War of the End of the World and was continued by the prolonged fever pitch of perfection that is Feast of the Goat This one is as magnificent as the other two as gripping and unputdownable The story never dies criminals of human degeneracy are never placed on trial; crimes are never atoned for And in Casement we have the hero that is inherently human and whose destiny is therefore heart wrenching This o readers is the epitome of classy of majestic lush prose a writer worth studying and CLOSELYI am an enormous fan of this man His expertise ranges from the tiniest germinating seed to the sprawling cosmos Indeed he could write about ANYTHING and make of it a BRILLIANT work of art In this MVL's fair distribution of the light and dark of the humanity and evil tug of war that is everlasting is the main attraction I dare to compare this not just to his other works of immaculate intelligence and craft but with Kenneally's Schindler's Ark or Margaret Atwood's Alias Grace as wellthis is a hardcore recommendation as minute and insignificant as Desdemona's hankie


  7. Jeremy Allan Jeremy Allan says:

    I had about a 500 word review of this novel written when my computer decided to restart of its own volition Ugh So let me recap what I was going to say in briefThings with any version of Celt in the title are usually campy garbage this is not Historical fiction is usually just studied nostalgia this is not This is a vibrant sensitive nuanced portrait of an intriguing figure Sir Roger Casement offering a fair account of his life relatively free of worship while still paying homage to his achievements The story is remarkable the writing is excellent Adventurer anti colonialist diplomat humanitarian Irish nationalist traitor to the British crown Casement was all of these things and this book gives all sides of him their due It is written with such an attention to detail and a confidence of voice that it almost steps into the realm of biography I recommend it highly Mario Vargas Llosa deserves accolades for this book And Casement deserves the attention he is given


  8. Rosana Rosana says:

    I am ready to bestow on Mario Vargas Llosa the title of “most disappointing author” I ever read Maybe my mistake was to start reading him with The War of the End of the World because none of his books that I read since have been able to match that first experience “The Dream of the Celt” was certainly well researched but maybe this is where the problem with this book lies The story follows Roger Casement the humanist and Irish loyalist who was sentenced to be hanged by the British government in 1916 We get lost on the information of dates and which ship the Casement rode and who he met where but we never get to “feel” what he felt or dream what he dreamed It is too bad because Casement – who I confess I knew nothing about – deserved better than that Casement as a British diplomat was significant in unveiling to the world the atrocities committed against the natives of the Belgium Congo and later at the rubber plantations of Peru He was knighted by the British government for these efforts Later however his Irish nationalism and idealism led him to approach the German government to help with the Irish uprising of 1916 This was certainly a controversial historical move during World War I which muddied his image not only among the British but also with the Irish people Roger Casement was also a homosexual and the discovery of his diaries and publication of passages from it in the British media did not help the efforts by his friends and lawyers to commute his death sentence Now tell me if this is not great material to write an historical book Vargas Llosa however failed in bringing this controversial man to life portraying him instead as one dimensional character lacking depth and humanity Maybe the third person narrator is the problem where we are told and not shown the character’s true feelings and experiences In the case of Casement’s sexual experiences Vargas Llosa comes across as a prude His own belief is that most of the crude descriptions of Casement’s sexual encounters are fabrications of the British government or simply Casement’s fictional creations to deal with the frustrations of unrealized sexual fantasies I don’t deny the possibility of the British government “re writing” Casement’s diaries but Vargas Llosa did miss a great opportunity to explore the sexual awakening of someone born in Victorian England immersed in a much sensual Africa and South America The few attempts the author makes are awkward and constrained Ditto on Casement’s conversion to Catholicism which must had been a profound spiritual awakening – fuelled by political perceptions of the cultural closeness of Ireland and the Catholic religion but that Vargas Llosa paint in strokes that are careless I think Mario Vargas Llosa that I have finally gave up on you I will remain a fan of “The War of the End of the World” but I gave you 4 shots now and three were misses I just have too many other authors to read


  9. Trish Trish says:

    I don’t recall ever reading anything by Nobel Prize winner Vargas Llosa before so I can’t compare this historical novel and thinly disguised biography to his other work but the subject the life of Sir Roger Casement is one which interests me deeply Adam Hochschild’s 1998 book of the Congo King Leopold's Ghost A Story of Greed Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa introduced me to the unforgettable figure of Roger Casement and I see Vargas Llosa was similarly captured Casement was a man who harbored within him enormous contradictions and who struggled to live a life of meaning Despite being hung for a traitor he was a man of honor who stood up for his convictions and who died for them Roger Casement 1864 1916 was born just outside of Dublin Ireland in a seaside location given variously as Sandycove or Kingstown Though baptized as a child Casement considered himself Protestant most of his life and embraced his Catholicism only shortly before his death Much of what we know about him comes from his own journals in which he recorded his work thoughts travels and sexual encounters Vargas Llosa’s first section detailing Casement’s life and work in the Congo tracked so closely with Hochschild’s account that I realized both must have used the same source materialsIt is the second section called ia which held my attention most closely After Casement works with Protestant missionaries and the journalist and human rights activist ED Morel in the Congo disclosing the atrocities committed in the push to harvest rubber he is dispatched by the British government to Peru to do the same there He was not a well man by this time for a white man in the tropics often developed debilitating illnesses that recurred with alarming freuency Returning to the hot humid environment of the ian jungle caused his health to further fray A photograph of Casement in Peru takes one aback; in it Casement looks positively skeletalCasement on left w Representative of Peruvian CompanyVargas Llosa describes Casement’s life in Peru with a verisimilitude and authenticity that makes those passages come alive Casement had a nasty assignment travelling to remote and dangerous outposts to conduct interviews and write detailed reports on atrocities He couldn’t wait to be shot of it But he persevered until he had enough damning evidence only to find that the business interests trumped human rights in the as they often did in colonial possessions Gradually Casement came to realize that freedom is something one must seize for oneself I have reached the absolute conviction that the only way the indigenous people of Putumayo can emerge from the miserable condition to which they have been reduced is by rising up in arms against their masters It is an illusion devoid of all reality to believethat this state will change whenthere are authorities judges police to enforce the laws that have prohibited servitude and slavery in Peru since 1854In this society the state is an inseparable part of the machinery of exploitation and exterminationIf they want to be free they have to conuer their freedom with their arms and their courageWe Irish are like the Huitotos the Boras the Andoues and the Muinanes of Putumayo Colonized exploited and condemned to be that way forever if we continue trusting in British laws institutions and governments to attain our freedom They will never give it to us Why would the Empire that colonized us do that unless it felt an irresistible pressure that obliged it to do so? That pressure can only come from weaponsVargas Llosa also captures the beauty and pathos of Casement’s homosexual encounters for Casement was a gay man in a world constrained by its own harsh and corrupted morality By the time he lived in Peru Casement was increasingly indiscreet in his encounters and his recording of them in his journals Vargas Llosa makes the point that Casement must have keenly felt his solitary unmarried life When Casement leaves the and returns to Europe via New York he encounters a handsome young Slav Eivind for whom he falls heavily thinking he is finally enjoying a mutual and adult relationship Eivind will be his undoing for he sells Casement’s secrets including his determination to work for Irish independence to the BritishCasement had been knighted after his work in Africa When in a roiled and pre WWI Europe he made the decision to go to a militarizing Germany to get aid for Irish rebels the British felt sufficiently betrayed to try him for treason While in Germany Casement apparently considered every possible means to weaken the hold of the British on her colonies wherever they might be strengthening the case by the prosecution and ensuring he would never be granted clemency He was hung in 1916 a mere three months after his dawn capture April 21 at McKenna’s Fort in IrelandThe last section of Vargas Llosa’s novel details the confusion of Casement’s botched return to Ireland and the support for his case or lack of it by longtime friends and admirers Many old friends including ED Morel considered Casement seriously off base in his collaboration with the German machine against England and so never responded to his letters Though his hangman called him the bravest man it fell to my unhappy lot to execute even his Irish compatriots could not hail him wholeheartedly as a nationalist because rumors of his homosexuality offended their sense of moral rightIn the Epilogue Vargas Llosa celebrates the return of Casement to the popular imaginationWith the revolution in customs principally in the area of sexuality in Ireland the name of Casement gradually though always with reluctance and prudery began to clear a path to being accepted for what he was one of the greatest anticolonial fighters and defenders of human rights and indigenous cultures of his time and a sacrificed combatant for the emancipation of Ireland Slowly his compatriots became resigned to accepting that a hero and martyr is not an abstract prototype or a model of perfection but a human being made of contradictions and contrasts weakness and greatness since a man as José Enriue Rodó wrote ‘is many men’ which means that angels and demons combine inextricably in his personalityIn 1965 Casement’s bones were repatriated and rest now in Dublin’s Glasnevin cemetery


  10. Nancy Oakes Nancy Oakes says:

    Sort of between a 3 and a 35 it pains me to give 3 stars to a book by this author because I love his work came to this book in a sort of roundabout way after recently finishing Robin Furneaux's The 1969 Chapter eleven of that book examines The Putamayo Affair which focuses on the Peruvian Company the largest rubber enterprise on the Peruvian side of the border between Peru and Colombia I hadn't known about Casement's work in the so I was glued to this chapter and I wanted to know After a bit of research linking Casement to the Putamayo I came up with Dream of the Celt a book I actually owned I was familiar with Casement and his work in the Congo having read Hochschild's King Leopold's Ghost which is a book that in my opinion everyone should read But I have to say that I was not as happy with Dream of the Celt as I think I might have been Let's put it this way I think it is absolutely outstanding that the author brought Casement's story into the modern reading public eye but reading this book was beyond frustrating since the fictional narrative that could have emerged felt overwhelmed by what felt like a recitation of the author's research findingsThe book is than simply the uestion of Casement as hero or traitor though since Casement is portrayed as a man filled with contradictions and prone to self examination and even second guessing He does constant battle with his physical health and in Germany was told that his mental health had become destabilized and would become undone without some rest He was also a man who had to keep his homosexuality hidden but made notes in his diary about his encounters In a big way we can also see that the political and the personal are hard to separate in this man for example when at one point he notes that while Africa was a place of enormous suffering it was alsoa land of freedom where human beings could be mistreated in wicked ways but could also express their passions fantasies desires drives and dreams without the whipping and judgment that Britain used to drown out pleasure In the epilogue the author explains that a hero and a martyr is not an abstract prototype or a model of perfection but a human being made of contradictions and contrasts weakness and greatness since a man as José Enriue Rodo wrote 'is many men' which means that angels and demons combine inextricably in his personality For me a major part of this book asks the uestion of what it is that we expect from people we view as heroes or champions for a cause especially considering that the very people who supported him throughout his career as an advocate for human rights were dropping their support at the end I understand the reluctance of his friends to support his actions as a traitor to the British during the war but it was the diaries revealing his homosexuality that seemed to seal his fate so than his actual crime If only we had had less facts here and albeit fictional insight from Casement himself here or had we heard from his friends and supporters this could have been a great book as it is the novel becomes somewhat of a chore to read which is as I said earlier a shame However I would certainly recommend it because it is most certainly well worth reading


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